Rheumatic fever Definition, Etiology ,Sign and symptoms, diagnosis, and managment ~ Medical diseases and trems ,symptoms causes TREATMENT

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Rheumatic fever Definition, Etiology ,Sign and symptoms, diagnosis, and managment



 DEFINITION 

                It is a autoimmune disorder which commonly involves heart, skin, joint and brain. 

ETIOLOGY 

     ● This autoimmune disease usually develops after the infection of Beta - hemolytic streptococcus. 

  ● The antibodies against the streptococcus attacks upon multiple organs of body and cause the inflammation. 

  ● The condition is commonly seen in school going children .(10-14 years)

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS 

☆ fever. 

☆ Polyarthalgia -Aches in joint. 

☆Polyarthritis- Affected more than 4 joint. 

☆ Subcutaneous nodules.

☆ Erythema marginatum - Redness of skin and mucus membrane / pink ring. 

☆ carditis .

☆ Chorea- abnormal involuntary muscular movement due to brain involves. 

ASCOFF BODIES - It is seen in rheumatic fever commonly found in heart. 

DIAGNOSIS 

     ☆ History ( sore throat).

     ☆ Physical examination. 

     ☆ CBC, ESR INCREASED, C REACTIVATE PROTEIN INCREASED 

     ☆ ASLO ( Most informative in rheumatic fever)

 MANAGMENT 

    □  Rest .

    □ Fowler's position .

    □ Digoxin and Diuretics (if heart failure is develop) .

    □ Antipyretics .

    □ Analgesic ( Diclofenac and Tramadol).

    □ Steroids- It is the best treatment for rheumatic fever because it decrease the inflammation. They also have immunosuppressive properties. 






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