LACTOSE INTOLERANCE CAUSE, SYMPTOM, DIAGNOSIS/TEST, TREATMENT ~ Medical diseases and trems ,symptoms causes TREATMENT

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LACTOSE INTOLERANCE CAUSE, SYMPTOM, DIAGNOSIS/TEST, TREATMENT



DEFINESION 

                          Inability to digest lactose carbohydrate due to deficiency or absence of lactase enzyme is             called lactose intolerance .

LACTOSE

                      It is a disaccharide that present in milk and milk product .

        lactose   -  LACTASE ENZYME IN SMALL INTESTINE   glucose + galactose .

       * In case of lactose intolerance- small intestine enzyme is absente → Undigested lactose NORMAL FLORA IN LARGE INTESTINE  fermentation of lactose 1.Excessive gas formation  2. severe watery                                                                                                                                                     diarrhea .

SIGN AND SYMPTOME 

                     * Abdominal pain .

                     * Abdominal distention.   

                     * SEVERE WATERY DIRRHEA .

                     * Dehydration  and electrolyte imbalance .

DIAGNOSIS 

               Lactose tolerance test   

                                                    - Keep the patient NPO for 4-6 hour   

                                                    - Check the fasting sugar level 

                                                    - Administer lactose 2 gm/kg body weight by oral route .

                                                   - Check the blood sugar level after 1to 2 hour .

                        Result  →     NAGATIVE 

                                                                   The increment in blood sugar level is more then 20 mg/dl. it                                               indicate normal finding .

                                           POSITIVE → 

                                                                    The increment in blood sugar level less then 20 mg/dl .  it                                                          indicate lactose intolerance .

MANAGMENT 

                - Supplement the lactase enzyme with milk and milk products .

                - avoid the milk and milk product to prevent the symptom .

                - limit the consumption of milk at one time .

                - provide calcium supplement to prevent calcium deficiency .



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