VITAMIN B 9 // DEFINETION // FUNCTION // SOURCES // DEFICIENCY ~ Medical diseases and trems ,symptoms causes TREATMENT

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VITAMIN B 9 // DEFINETION // FUNCTION // SOURCES // DEFICIENCY



 VITAMIN B9 

                   * Scientific Name of vitamin B9 is folic acid / folate.

                   * The world folate derived from latin word folium .Which mean 'leaf '.

                   * Discovered by esnell and Rogor willium in 1941.

  * serum vitamin B9 level is 2-20 ng/ml'

  * color is yellow .

  * Two type of folic acid in blood 

          1. Free folate {FH3} [trihydrofolate].

          2. Bound folate {FH4}  [Tetra hydrofolate].

   * Activated form of folic acid is tetra hydrofolate.

FUNCTION OF FOLIC ACID/ VITAMIN B9
   
    * Essential for maturation of RBC in bone marrow .
    * Help in synthesis of DNA.
    * Act as co-enzyme in synthesis of methionin

SOURCES OF VITAMIN B9

  * ANIMAL SOURCES →  Milk, meat , fish, egg
  * Plant sour   →  Green leafy vegetable are good sources , fruits , cereals, pulses, soyabeen 

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCE 

   Infant  →  25mcg/day 
  child 1-12 year  →  50 to 100mcg /day 
          13 to 15 year  → 50to 100 mcg /day
let adolescent 16 to 18 year and adult male and female  → 100 mcg /day 
IN pregnancy  → 400 mcg/day 
IN lactation  → 300 mcg/day .

DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN 

    Most common vitamin B9 deficiency during pregnancy .
   Deficiency of folic acid cause MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA.
   Deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy cause NURAL TUBE DIFECT           


Location: NH52, Polyara, Rajasthan 304804, India

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