Dwarfism and Acromicria || Hyposecretion of Growth || Sign and symptom of Hyposecretion of growth hormone ~ Medical diseases and trems ,symptoms causes TREATMENT

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Dwarfism and Acromicria || Hyposecretion of Growth || Sign and symptom of Hyposecretion of growth hormone

 


Dwarfism 

               It occur due to hyposecretion of growth hormone in children . it is also known as lorain - levi syndrome . A common cause of dwarfism is a genetic mutation that affects bone growth.

Etiology -

              -    Trauma 

              -   Hypophysectomy 

              -   Suppressing tumor

 Sign and symptom 

               - Height less then 2-3 feet

               - decrease physical growth and it is symmetrical .

               - The IQ level is normal because the growth hormone is not responsible for growth of brain.

Acromicria 

            It is occur due to hyposecretion of growth hormone in adult.

   Assessment finding- 

                 - Height is normal 

                 - IQ level normal

                 - Bone become weak and thin.

Management 

           * Surgical management 

                              Surgical management that may correct problems in people with                                              disproportionate dwarfism include:

  • Correcting the direction in which bones are growing.
  • Stabilizing and correcting the shape of the spine.
  • Increasing the size of the opening in bones of the spine (vertebrae) to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord.
  • Placing a shunt to remove excess fluid around the brain (hydrocephalus), if it occur   -     
         * Medical management
                      
                                    -For individuals with dwarfism due to growth hormone deficiency, treatment with injections of a synthetic version of the hormone may increase final height. In most cases, children receive daily injections for several years until they reach a maximum adult height — often within the average adult range for their family.

Treatment may continue throughout the teen years and early adulthood to ensure adult maturation, such as appropriate gain in muscle or fat. Some individuals may need lifelong therapy. The treatment may be supplemented with other related hormones if they are also deficient.

Treatment for girls with Turner syndrome also requires estrogen and related hormone therapy in order for them to begin puberty and achieve adult sexual development. Estrogen replacement therapy usually continues throughout life until women with Turner syndrome reach the average age of menopause. 

          

               

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