Pituitary Gland || Hormone of Pituitary Gland ~ Medical diseases and trems ,symptoms causes TREATMENT

Medieducator.com

Pituitary Gland || Hormone of Pituitary Gland

 


Pituitary Gland

                           Also known as master gland and hypophysis cerebri.

Gross Anatomy of Pituitary Gland

Location 

               It is present in the cranial cavity . it is situated in the Hypophysial fossa { sella Turcica}

colour - Brownish pink

Shape - Pea shaped

Diameter - 1 cm

Weight - 500mg

Part of pituitary gland

 1. Anterior pituitary Gland { Adenohypophysis}

 2. Posterior pituitary Gland {Neurohypophysis}

Cells of anterior pituitary Gland

    1. Chromophobic - It  is non secretary cell . It provide support to the Chromophilic cell .

    2.Chromophillic cell - It is secretory cell , it is two types

  A. Acidophilic cell - -{35 %}

                      a.   Somatotropin- It release Growth Hormone

                      b.   Lactotropic - it release prolactin 

B. Basophilic cell { 15%}

                      1. Thyrotropes  - It release TSH.

                      2. Corticotropes - It release ACTH.

                      3. Gonadotropin - It release FSH and LH. 

Cells of post pituitary gland 

   1. Unmyelinated neuron - non secretary cell.

   2. Myelinated neuron - secretary cell

Hormones of Pituitary Gland

   A. Anterior pituitary - 

  1. Growth Hormone
  2. Prolactin Hormone
  3. TSH
  4. ACTH
  5. FSH And LH
  6. MSH           

    B. Posterior pituitary

  1. Oxytocin 
  2. ADH       


0 comments:

Post a Comment